Cresswell Crags by Leslie Cram



The geology of the area is to be found in:

English nature website of  “the southern magnesian limestone natural area”

Recent publications on the cave art are:

Publications on Creswell Crags and the Creswellian industry in Nottinghamshire in the Transactions of the Thoroton Society are:

For those interested in DNA, Neanderthals and Homo sapiens the publications are:

There is an excellent Research bibliography on Creswell Heritage Trust website:


For secondary printed material again the Creswell Heritage Trust has done the work in its Teachers Bibliography:

We may also look at the account written by Cornelius Brown in his A History of Nottinghamshire (1896):

"The most picturesque exposure of the magnesian limestone in Nottinghamshire is at Creswell Crags, near Worksop. Here time and a running stream have carved out and fashioned a long ravine. On each side of the stream in the tall limestone cliffs are deep caverns, which have recently been explored by a committee of the British Association. In these caverns have been found an amazing number of remains of animals long ago extinct in this country. Amongst these were the lion, tiger, leopard, hyena, wolf, bear, rhinoceros, bison, hippopotamus, Arctic fox, and the elephant. Doubtless the Creswell caves were in ages past the abode of the cave-dwelling hyenas who dragged their prey into these recesses in the rock. A large proportion of the bones found were gnawed after the manner peculiar to the hyena tribe. In one of these caves the writer discovered a 'first milk molar' of the mammoth (Elephas primigenius), which completed the national collection of the teeth of the mammoth. Before this specimen was handed over to the British Museum, it was described by Sir Richard Owen, F.R.S., before the Geological Society of London. A portion of Creswell Crags is in Derbyshire, but the magnesian limestone of that spot is a totally distinct rock from the 'mountain limestone,' which is such a familiar feature in the scenery of Derbyshire."